Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with various related kinds of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Firm rule in India.[seven]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western entire world as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an write-up of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the behavior similar to a very good numerous others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why Click here pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-pants mixture made of smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component commonly includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night time suits.
Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are fairly scarce.
Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in model such as brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration, or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Typically worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally integrated the latter like a pidžame prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume major around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.